HANOI, 26th July, 2022 (WAM) -- Vietnam is on the right track in accelerating its decisive economic reform, but an upgrade is needed to meet the government's aspirations of sustained, inclusive, and green growth, Vietnam News Agency (VNA) quoted an expert from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) as saying.
According to Era Dabla-Norris, Head of the IMF's Article IV Consultation of the Department of Asia-Pacific, one of the most important challenges holding back productivity and hindering an efficient allocation of resources is the pervasive economic differences across firms, sectors, and workers.
Tackling these issues requires structural reforms to improve the business environment, enhance productivity, and boost potential growth, including policies to ensure a level playing field, particularly for small- and medium-sized enterprises, that supports firm and labour formalisation, spurs technology diffusion from foreign direct investment to domestic firms, and reduces labour skill-mismatches, Dabla-Norris was quoted by Dau tu (Investment Review) as saying.
Besides, improving economic institutions, reducing corruption, promoting digital transformation, and greening the economy are other important areas of reform that Vietnam should tackle to achieve its economic ambitions going forward, she said, adding that medium-term growth prospects will depend critically on decisive reform implementation.
According to the expert, the bulk of the fiscal stimulus under the socio-economic recovery and development programme of Vietnam - especially in the field of public investment - is expected to play out in 2023, and this will further boost economic activity next year.
The data on activity in the second quarter of 2022 points to a much stronger, more frontloaded recovery than anticipated on both the domestic and external fronts, she said.
The IMF lowered its growth forecast for the global economy this year, but believed Vietnam's recovery will be boosted by the implementation of its socio-economic development and recovery programme.
Francois Painchaud, IMF Representative in Vietnam, recently projected that the country's GDP will grow at 6% in 2022 and 7.2% in 2023.
Meanwhile, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) forecast that Vietnam's economic growth will recover to 6.5% in 2022 and reach 6.7% in 2023.